Friday, November 8, 2013

Assessment of small fiber neuropathy to predict future risk of type 2 diabetes

Publication date:

Available online 27 September 2013

SOURCE:Primary Care Diabetes

Author(s): G. M ller , E. Parfentyeva , J. Olschewsky , S.R. Bornstein , P.E.H. Schwarz

ObjectiveSudomotor dysfunction due to small fiber neuropathy can be observed very early in pre-diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive power of EZSCAN, a non invasive, quick and simple measurement of sudomotor function to identify glucose impairment.Research design and methodsThe study was performed in 76 German subjects at risk of diabetes. Glucose metabolism was assessed by using, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at baseline and after 2 year follow-up. Sudomotor function was evaluated by measuring hand and foot electrochemical sweat conductances to calculate a risk score.ResultsAt baseline, 38 patients had normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 34 had pre-diabetes (impaired fasting glucose, IFG and/or impaired glucose tolerance, IGT) and 4 had newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. The AUC values for FPG, 2h-OGTT glucose, 1h-OGTT glucose, HbA1C and EZSCAN score to predict pre-diabetes were 0.50, 0.65, 0.64, 0.72 and 0.76, respectively. Subjects having a moderate or high EZSCAN score ( 50) at baseline had a substantially increased risk for having IFG and/or IGT at follow-up visit presented by an odds ratio of 12.0 [1.4-100.5], the OR for having 1h-OGTT 8.6mmol/L at follow-up was 9.8 [1.0-92.8] and for having HbA1C 5.7% was 15.7 [1.9-131.5] compared to subjects with low EZSCAN risk.ConclusionsThis preliminary study, which must be confirmed in a larger population, shows that EZSCAN risk score is associated with diabetes progression which have implications for prevention and disease management.
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